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Brock's Monument - Trails of 1812

Ontario Trails Events

Event: Brock's Monument - Trails of 1812
Trail: Queenston Heights Loop - General Brock Trail
Date: 2022-04-01 to 2022-10-31
Abstract: Brock's Monument is maintained by Niagara Parks Commission and we encourage you to support their work. The monument is open for an interpretive programmes 7 days/week, 10-5 daily from May until Labour Day weekend. Parks Canada staff at the monument can be contacted at 905 262-4759.
Type: 1812
Time: 10:00 AM
Location: Queenston Heights Queenston Ontario L0S 1L0
Online URL:
Cost: See event website

Canada and the United States today share the longest peaceful border in the world.   Almost two hundred years ago, however, control of the Niagara River section of this international border was in constant dispute.   Many decisive battles of the War of 1812 occurred along both sides of the river.

On October 13, 1812, shortly before dawn, American troops crossed the Niagara River and inched their way up to a concealed path on the Niagara escarpment.  Their objective was to cut the slender British supply line leading to the west.  This they could do by taking Queenston, the northern portage point around Niagara Falls.19th century painting of General Brock's death

Major-General Isaac Brock, Commander-in-Chief of British forces in Upper Canada was stationed at Fort George in Newark (now Niagara-on-the-Lake).  He had just returned from a victory over American forces at Detroit.  Now he observed the build-up of troops on the American side of the Niagara River from Buffalo to Youngstown.

On the fateful morning of the battle, Brock raced from Fort George to Queenston.  In a valiant effort to retake the Heights of Queenston, he was fatally wounded while leading his troops into battle.

All seemed lost for the British until General Sheaffe, summoned from Fort George, marched with his men of the 41st Regiment, militia and Native forces and gained the rear of the Heights.  With one line charge the Americans were routed.  This tactical movement ensured a victory for the British and gave the inhabitants of Upper Canada new hope and commitment to the British cause.

Brock's present monument was rebuilt in 1853 after the original monument was bombed by a terrorist in 1840.  For transcriptions of the plaques and markers located at this important historic site, read Commemorative Plaques and Markers.

Niagara Parks is preparing to celebrate the War of 1812 Bicentennial.  Plans are being made for special events beginning in 2012 - visit the official Visit 1812website for updates on this important milestone shared by Canada and the United States -200 Years of Peace.